In Islam all Messengers of God are Human: on equal footing

In Islam all Messengers of God are Human: on equal footing

 

The idea of prophethood in the Qur’an presents the messengers as conveyers of the divine message and not as lawgivers:

‘Their messengers said to them: “We are human like yourselves, but God grants His grace to whoever He pleases of His servants. It is not for us to bring you an authority except as God permits.”‘ 14: 11

No authority is given to the messengers:

‘No man, to whom is given the Book, and Wisdom and Prophethood, can say to people: “Be you my worshippers rather than God’s”, but he would say: “Be you worshippers of Him.” 3: 79

Muhammad is considered in the Qur’an in the following manner:

‘Say: “I am but a man like you, it is revealed to me by inspiration that your God is one God: so stand true to him, and ask for His forgiveness”. And woe to those who join gods with God.’ 41: 6

The Qur’an denies Muhammad a position higher than those of other men. Islam does not regard its Prophet as do Christians for Jesus the son of  Mary. Muhammad is not deified nor considered better than any other Prophet or messenger of God. The Qur’an informs the Muslims:

‘Muhammad is but a messenger, messengers ( the like of whom) have passed away before him. Will it be that, when he dies or is slain, you will turn back on your heels? He who turns back on his heels does no hurt to God, and God will reward the thankful.’ 3: 144

 Islam considers Jesus Christ as a messenger of God and a word from Him and denies what Christians claim as trinity:

‘O People of the Scripture! Do not exceed limits in your religion nor utter naught concerning God save the Truth. The Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, was only a messenger of God, and His word which he conveyed to Mary, and a spirit from Him. So believe in God and His messengers, and say not ‘three’ (in trinity)- Cease! It is better for you!- God is only One God. Far is it removed from His transcendent Majesty that he should have a son. To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. The Messiah will never scorn to be a slave unto God.’ 4: 171-172

Islam consider as blasphemy what the Christians believe that Christ is God:

‘They indeed have disbelieved who say: ” Verily God is the Messiah, son of Mary. Say: Who then can do aught against God, if He had willed to destroy the Messiah son of Mary, and his mother and everyone on earth? To God alone belongs the sovereignty of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them. He create what He will. And God is able to do all things.’ 5: 17

The idea of obedience to God is expressed in terms of obedience to His messengers.  For the word of the messengers as well as their deeds are inspired by God. Islam does not consider the messengers of God as infallible, for no man is infallible according to the Qur’an.

Muslims should comply by the command of God as revealed in the Qur’an and the Sunnah conforming to Islamic Shari‘a:

 ‘O Believers, obey God, and obey His messenger and those who are charged with the affairs among you,  But should you have a dispute concerning any matter, then refer it to God and the messenger, If you believe in God and the Last day. That is better and more suitable as an interpretation.’ 4: 59

 

In this way the ultimate reference is God’s law. This is observed particularly in the Law ( the Torah) sent to Moses, the Gospel sent to Jesus and the Qur’an sent to Muhammad.

 

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